Adaptive Skins - Adaptive and Autoreactive Building Facades

Braun, Dirk Henning (Corresponding author); Bader, Benedikt (Corresponding author)

Aachen : Publikationsserver der RWTH Aachen University (2013, 2014)
Contribution to a book, Contribution to a conference proceedings

In: Advanced Building Skins : [8th Energy Forum ; 05 - 06 November 2013, Bressanone, Italy. Economic Forum, Munich, Bolzano]
Page(s)/Article-Nr.: 327-330


Building envelopes - the interface between the occupier of a building and the individual climatic conditions of the environment - are the essential influencing factors for the energy consumption of a building.[1]The dispute on different levels between each area, components, groups of components and materials, has always been crucial for new and innovative approaches to solutions in architecture. Introducing new components, minimalizing the load-bearing elements, the increase of building systems and most of all the increased claims to energy efficiency and comfort in different climatic regions have led to highly sensitive coating structures. To the occupier controlling the room temperature, integrating natural ventilation, an adjustable control of daylight and the associated proportion between comfort and the yield of energy are parameters of great importance. For this reason it is imperative that the impact of adaptive and autoreactive systems is researched, analyzed and evaluated in both thermally controlled and uncontrolled areas of a building. Based on the interdisciplinary experience of the compilers this aspect has been processed deliberately. Systems which are already autoreactive and autosensitive will be selected on the basis of their material and group of components and then evaluated on their application potential for modern façades [2].The aspiration is the investigation and development of adaptive building envelopes, which can be adjusted with the help of modern materials and inspired by affine technology to individual requirements of the occupier [3]. Through this the aim is to find an optimal balance between the gain of energy, storage of energy, and thermal comfort and to build a research pavilion which includes all those factors. Beside the energetic optimization it is possible to align individual requirements of an occupier through integration of sensory building accomplishments, and earlier movement algorithms can be tested and evaluated as to their suitability with the help of the Arduinotechnic.[1] Knaack U.: Façades (2009)[2] Klooster, T.: Smart Surfaces and their Application in Architecture and Design (2009)[3] Schumacher, M.: MOVE - Architektur in Bewegung - Dynamische Komponenten und Bauteile (2010)


  • Chair of Building Technology [211710]