Integrierte Wohnmodelle in der Nutzungsphase : eine Nachuntersuchung von vier Modellvorhaben des 'Experimentellen Wohnungs- und Städtebaus -ExWoSt'
Scherzer, Ulrike; Selle, Klaus (Thesis advisor)
Aachen : Publikationsserver der RWTH Aachen University (2003)
Dissertation / PhD Thesis
Aachen, Techn. Hochsch., Diss., 2003
Context. Several pilot projects of "Integrated Housing" meaning to integrate different age groups of inhabitants by spatial and social measures were carried out during the 1990s in Germany. They were meant to be an answer of housing policy to the phenomena of individualisation and demographic change. The Federal Ministry of Planning, Building and Urban Development commissioned studies of four pilot housing projects in its programme "Experimental Housing and Urban Development" under the heading "Senior People and their Neighbourhood". The projects are located in rural Altusried near Kempten and in the inner cities of Kempten, Hamburg and Saarbrücken. During the phase of conception these projects were accompanied by research and were documented. The period of actual operation however had not been supported by practically any research at all. The achievement of planning goals had thus not been examined so far. Research interest. The concept of this thesis has to bee seen against the background of an obvious research deficit. The research of this thesis concentrates on the evaluation of experiences made during the four pilot housing projects' period of operation. The goal of this study is to learn about spatial and social conditions and processes favouring or hampering the implementation of the aims set for "Integrated Housing". All four pilot projects lend themselves for empirical analysis as they have innovative character, their phase of conception is extensively documented and the phase during which the projects are in operation already lasted ten years. Methodical structure. First the context relating to demographic, social and housing policy settings is established (chapter 1). Against the background of relevant housing research the study's analytical interest is formulated more precisely (chapter 2). A catalogue of appropriate topics is developed. It forms the framework of content and sequence of all following methodical steps. For the analysis of housing projects in question qualitative empirical tools are chosen: Guideline oriented interviews with selected inhabitants and experts as well as observations of actual use on site (chapter 3). Accompanying the interviews also material data and facts characterising the housing projects are researched and evaluated (chapter 4). Interpretation and discussion of results (chapter 5) happen on two complementary levels: · inhabitants' and experts' attitudes and judgements are confronted with objective social and spatial project data (chapters 5.1 and 5.2) · differing profiles of housing projects are compared with each other (chapter 5.3). Results and recommendations. The four pilot projects differ from each other regarding conception, history, site, number and typology of units, access and infrastructural provision. Also constellations differ concerning the inhabitants' rights to participate in decision-making and management, the investors' attitude towards project goals and the type of accompanying research previously carried out. This study permits the identification of problem areas relating to the initially defined research questions for each of the projects. Concrete measures can be suggested to improve the performance in operation towards the integration of different user groups (chapter 6.1). As well, in each of the projects similar contexts of influence can be identified for social and spatial factors. The analysis thus does allow to recognise trends and to express advice of general relevance for projects of "Integrated Housing" (chapter 6.2). This study is also able to identify necessary additional research (chapter 6.3): · further analysis of integrated housing projects in operation · analysis and comparison of economic and social cost and benefit · information and education policies for all participants involved in "Integrated Housing".