Planen mit der Landschaft im suburbanen Raum : Landschaft als Bedingung, Objekt und Chance räumlicher Planung für das Umland

Clemens, Corinna; Schöfl, Günther (Thesis advisor)

Aachen : Publikationsserver der RWTH Aachen University (2001)
Dissertation / PhD Thesis

Aachen, Techn. Hochsch., Diss., 2001


Spatial planning for Suburbia so far did not prove to be highly successful. This doctoral thesis states that suburban planning and design need a new impulse - and that this impulse may be provided by the suburban landcape. Therefore this thesis major objective is to define promising fields for landscape related planning activities in suburban areas. Several decades of suburbanziation have left their marks on today´s suburbia. At the same time suburban regions still show many former - traditional - patterns of land use. The wide range of land uses and land use related conflicts ensure suburban landscapes a constant and high degree of public interest. After describing the context, the guiding priciples, theoretical aspects and present results of suburban planning efforts this thesis examines various aspects of the suburban landscape: With focus on the process of changing land use patterns, on the fragmentation and dispersion of single land uses, on the specific suburban phenomenon of single-familiy-housing and on existing forms of instrumentalization of the suburban landscape by planners it is shown how the suburban landscape is used, perceived and assessed by its users and manipulated by spatial planning. In the future planners dealing with suburbia will be faced with radical changes of the social, economical and technical conditions. Against the background of these changes four promising fields of spatial planning are outlined: "Durchdringung" - as a multi-level effort to reveal the inherent qualities of suburban landscapes and its main features -, "Darstellung" - which describes the need for planning efforts to develop accurate forms of representation for suburban phenomena -, "Inszenierung" - which covers approaches to redefine parts of the landscape as "stages" - and finally "Strukturierung" - translating into: the structuring - of existing as well as future suburban settlements. Instrumentalizing suburban landscapes this way may not only help to improve the future results of spatial planning for suburban zones, but may also help to strike new paths of suburban development that are more sustainable than the existing ones. It may also point out successful ways for spatial planning in general, as it encourages planners to work closely with various social groups of suburbanites in order to heighten the overall attractiveness and usability of the suburban areas many people live in today.