Tourismusbebauungen an den Küsten der Südwest-Türkei : zukünftige Planungs- und Gestaltungsmöglichkeiten für Tourismusentwicklungsgebiete und Tourismusanlagen am Beispiel der Region Kemer

  • Tourism Buildings on the coast of Southwest Turkey : future planning and structuring possibilities for tourism development areas and tourism facilities exemplified by the Kemer region

Sevinc, Harun; Fuhrmann, Peter (Thesis advisor)

Aachen : Publikationsserver der RWTH Aachen University (2007)
Dissertation / PhD Thesis

Aachen, Techn. Hochsch., Diss., 2007

Abstract

The PhD thesis highlights the consequences of a fast, mainly uncontrolled and often reckless tourism development exemplary for the Turkish coast in the surrounding area of Kemer. This tourism development has taken place to the detriment of the existing natural, cultural and social potential of this coastal area. After the "Tourism Promotion Law" was passed in 1982 these effects are especially due to the increasing pressure from foreign mass tourism.In the long term this kind of development endangers the very existence of tourism in the region itself, because tourism has become very important in the intervening years. Both as an economical factor and a feature of an attractive recreation area tourism particularly depends on an intact landscape and socio-cultural balance of the population. The appropriate alternative to the previous development should be a sustainable, environmentally and socially compatible tourism concept, which takes into account the specific features of the surrounding area of Kemer to a large extent and also protects its attraction as a recreation area. For this the bases of the previous tourism planning (Part I) and their legal foundation (Part II) were summarised and analyzed, and the South-Antalya-Tourism Development Area and selected tourism facilities were also analyzed and assessed in situation(Part III). Based on this suggestions for effective, regional- and landscape compatible planning and structuring concepts were developed (Part IV). The inter-dependence of the individual levels of a analysis, i.e. legal-, macro- and object-level became obvious after the basic evaluation. It required, inter alia, an inter-disciplinary view, -of, for example the mechanism of relevant planning methods- , the importance of the landscape architecture in connection with tourism planning and their influence on the development of enviromentally and socially compatible tourism concepts in sensitive coastal areas and so on. Adequate structuring concepts for future tourism facilities on the other hand required a more sophisticated view in comparison to the law- and macro-level of tourism planning. The often doubtful and thoughtless structuring solutions in the surrounding area of Kemer (often in conflict with the genius loci) could be countered only with regional- and landscape compatible structuring concepts, which have led to significant intensification on the object-level. Also the competence of the architect and the efficiency of this design are more clearly recognizable here than on the other mentioned levels of tourism planning. In this context solution approaches are presented as examples for meeting, the requirements for regional- and landscape-compatibility and resident-friendliness of a structuring concept.

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