Diverse Typologie : eine Analyse migrantisch initiierter Architektur in Deutschland

Weber, Anna Marijke; Bernhardt, Anne-Julchen (Thesis advisor); Möhring, Maren (Thesis advisor)

Aachen (2019)
Dissertation / PhD Thesis

Dissertation, Rheinisch-Westfälische Technische Hochschule Aachen, 2019

Abstract

For the first time, this dissertation takes a look at a heterogeneous group of profane migrant-initiated architecture projects in Germany in a long-term perspective. The focus is on the questions of whether immigrant-initiated spaces have specific spatial features and if so, specific for what; what connection applied spatial ideas have with the respective migration histories; if it is possible to learn from existing examples for design of architecture in a diverse society and if so, what. In order to approach the answers to these questions, works on the cultural studies of spaces and cities and architectural science works on typology will be brought together. The methodological examination approach developed from this is used for three case studies of cafe´s - ice cream salon, tea room and shishabar, which as a group show respectively specific spatial characteristics and have significantly been created by the initiative of migrant builders and operators. Section I orders and contextualizes existing, chiefly scientific works on immigrant- initiated architecture projects in Germany, subjects them to a discourse analysis and names relevant topics, discussed topics, perspectivation, presuppositions and possible alternatives. Section II expands, on the basis of the results from Section I, the repertoire of architecture-typological analysis tools and concepts. Four formats are used or developed for the examination: ground plan collection, typification, typogenesis and reference framework. Section III applies the four graphic analysis formats to the three case studies. Architectural design interested in usage can find here a great pool of transferable spatial elements and principles. For design in diverse societies, the dynamic of cultural and intercultural processes becomes visible, as well as a continual search for spatial configurations within the repertoire of architecture for respectively new and heterogeneous social constellations. The initiators of the examined case studies participate actively in this search - the spaces they create are suggestions for this purpose. The role of individual, determinable spatial elements and principles appears to be a relevant topic in the process of type creation. The type shows itself as a tool of communication during the entire process, with the help of which potentials in usage, individual spatial experiences and spatial structure are put into relation to each other. The categorizations of the typology are used to challenge categories of macrosocial discourse, such as western - Muslim or own - foreign, and instead to assign the examined objects a place in the café landscape, the tactical and a general place in city history.

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